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POCKET英语语法13-17

这是崔荣容老师的POCKET英语语法的学习笔记。18年7月22日。今天第4次课。学习了第13课到第17课。

第13课 形容词

  1. 形容词通常形容人或者事物的状态、性质、大小等等,通常用在名词前,Be动词后。

    • beautiful girl
    • the girl is beautiful.
  2. The + 形容词=复数名词,表示一类人或事物,后面动词用复数???。

    • old -> the old. 老人们
    • young -> the young 年轻人们
    • The old need more care than the young.
  3. 练习

    1. She is a good student.
    2. This bike is expensive.
    3. The rich sometime complain their empty life.

第14课 副词

  • 副词可以修饰 动词,形容词,其他副词以及其他结构

    1. He runs fast. 修饰动词
    2. She is very beautiful. 修饰形容词。
    3. They work very hard. 修饰副词。
  • 副词的位置。

    1. 根据情况,放在助动词之后,实意动词之前或之后
    2. 形容词之前,其他副词之前或之后。
    3. 多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词之后。
    • He speaks very fast.
    • They have already left.
    • They have already been repaired.
  • 常用的频度副词的位置放在一般动词前面,Be动词后面,助动词和实意动词之间。

    1. They always come early.
    2. Sam often writes homework at 7.
  • 练习

    1. Please write the word slowly.
    2. They sometimes come here.
    3. The tree is very tall.

第15课 不定量表达法1

  • 不定量表达法: some, any, most, every, all.
  1. some, any 都表示一些,some主要用于肯定句希望得到肯定回答时。也可用在疑问句中。any 主要用在否定和疑问句中。

    • I'd been expecting some letters this morning, but there wen't any for me.
  2. most 做形容词时,表示大部分的,后面接 名词复数形式。

    • Most people here are from China.
  3. every 表示“每一个,所有”,后面接名词单数形式。

    • Every one likes the film.
  4. All 表示“所有”,后面接 可数名词复数形式,和 不可数名词。

    • All the cars are parked in the parking lot.
    • All the coffee is served on time.
  5. 练习

    1. Some boys went camping yesterday.
    2. All the children like to play football.
    3. Most teachers want to work here.

第16课 不定量表达法2

  1. both ,表示两者都,可做形容词,代词和副词。either 是两者之一,neither 是两者都不。

    • Both his eyes were severely burned.
    • These are trees on either side of the street.
    • Neither answer is correct.
  2. Many, 修饰可数名词,表示许多。
    Many, 修饰不可数名词,表示许多。
    a lot of = lots of, plenty of 均可修饰可数名词和不可数名词。表示许多。

    • many books, much water.
    • a lot of books/ water.
  3. 练习

    1. Both the hands are washed.
    2. Wang drank a lot of coffee last night.

第17课 不定量表达法3

  1. a few 为肯定的含义,表示“几个”, few 为否定含义,表示“没几个”。以上两个词均用在 可数名词的复数形式。

    1. A few books are put into the box. 有几本书在桌子上。
    2. Few books are put into the box. 桌子上没几本书。
  2. a little , 为肯定,表示 “一点儿”,
    litte 为否定含义,表示 “没多少”
    以后两个词均接 不可数名词

    1. There is a little water in the bottle. 有一点儿水。
    2. There is little water in the bottle. 没多少水。
  3. none 和 no one 意思相同,主用作代词“一个也不,一点儿也不”
    none 可以接 of 短语,动词可用单数和复数。
    no one 不能接of 短语,动词只能用单数。
    例: none of us have arrived.
  4. 练习:

    1. A few books are put into the box.
    2. There is a little water in the bottle.
    3. none of us have arrived.

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