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POCKET英语语法 40-41

POCKET英语语法 40-41


这是崔荣容老师的POCKET英语语法的学习笔记。 40-41课,讲解的是原形不定式。8月9日凌晨更新。

第40课 原形不定式 使役动词

  1. 使役动词,表示“使,让”意思。 have, make, let作为使役动词,构成形式为: 使役动词 + 宾语 + 动词。

    1. He made me laugh.
    2. I let him go.
    3. Please have him come here.
  2. get 和 help 都做使役动词,get的实意动词句为: “get + 宾语 + to + 动词”,help的使役动词句为:“help + 宾语 + to + 动词”。

    1. I cann't get anyone to do the work properly.
    2. I helped him to repair the car.
  3. 使役动词 + 宾语 + 过去分词,表示 “让某人/某物 被别人....” 。

    1. I must get my hair cut.
    2. He couldn't make himself heard.
    3. Can you get the work finshed in time?
  4. 练习

    1. He made me laugh.
    2. I let him go.
    3. I must get my hair cut.

第41课 原形不定式 感官动词

  1. 感官动词,感觉相关的动词:see, watch, obsere, notice, hear, smell, taste, feel. 构成形式为: 感官动词 + 宾语 + 动词原形/现在分词。 + 动词原形表示动作的真实性。+ 现在分词表示动作的连续性,进行性。

    1. I saw him work in the garden yesterday.
    2. I saw him working in the garden yesterday.
  2. 和使役动词相似,感官动词后可以接过去分词。构成形式: 感官动词 + 宾语 + 过去分词。

    1. John saw the man knocked down by the car.
  3. 练习

    1. I wanted a dog ranning in the garden yesterday.
    2. i heard Sam sent to the hospital.

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