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POCKET英语语法 46-48

这是崔荣容老师的POCKET英语语法的学习笔记。 46-48课,讲解的是定语从句和宾语从句。8月13日更新。

第46课 定语从句

  1. 用个句子来修饰限定一个名词或代词,需要关系代词来连接句子和被修饰的词。

    • 定语从句:在句子中作定语,修饰一个名词或者代词,被修饰的词叫先行词,其后的从句就是定语从句。由关系代词引出。
    • 关系代词: 在从句做一定的成分,代替先行词,起到连接先行词和从句的作用。常用的关系代词有: that, who, which, whom, whose.
    • The girl whom/that I spoke to is my cousin.
  2. 先行词是人的话,用 that, who, whom,whose 来引导定语从句,whom在从句中作宾语,who 和 that 在从句中做即可作主语又可做宾语。

    1. They are the people that/who were seen yesterday.
    2. They are the people whom/that/who I saw yesterday.
    3. They are the people whose wallets were lost yesterday.
  3. 先行词是动物/事物的话,用 which, that, whose来引导定语从句。Which, that 在从句中可做主语和宾语,作宾语时可以省略。

    1. He came back for the book which/that he had forgetten.
    2. He came back for the book whicht/that was on the desk.
    3. This is the chair whose legs were broken.
项目指人事物
主格who/ thatwhich/ that
宾格whom/who/thatwhich/that
所有格whosewhose
  1. 练习

    1. He was the person who/that joined the army that year.
    2. He came back for the book which/that he had forgotten.
    3. He is the man whose wife is a teacher.

第47课 定语从句 when, where, why

  1. why: 用于修饰表示原因的名词。

    • We don't know the reason why he didn't show up.
  2. when: 用于修饰表示时间的名词。

    • we'll put off the picnic untill next week when the weather may be better.
  3. where: 用于表示地点的名词。

    • We don't know the place where he lives.
  4. 练习

    1. He works in a factory where Tv sets are made.
    2. We'll put off the picnic untill next week when the weather maybe better.
    3. She didn't tell me the reason why she refused the offer.

第48课 宾语从句

  1. 宾语从句:在句子中起宾语作用的从句。

    • He told me that he would go to colleage the next year.
  2. 从属连词:that, if, whether.

    1. He said that he was there yesterday.
    2. He doesn't know if/whether he was there.
  3. 连接代词:who, whom, whose, what.

    1. Do you know who has won the game?
    2. Do you know whom he likes?
    3. Do you know whose book it is?
    4. Do you know what he is looking at?
  4. 连接副词: when, where, why, how.

    1. He wants to know when the party is.
    2. He wants to know where the party is.
    3. He wants to know why they have a party.
    4. He wants to know how they come.
  5. 练习

    1. He doesn't know that/ if she is at school.
    2. He wants to know where she is.
    3. He wants to know wether/if/why/when/where/how she comes.
    4. He wants to know what she is reading.
    5. He wants to know whose book it is.

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